Alok Bohara

Photo: Alok Bohara

Director, Nepal Studies Center


Office:  2023C
CV:  Download PDF


Dr. Alok K. Bohara is a Full Professor of Economics and the founding director of the Nepal Study Center at the University of New Mexico (UNM).  He has a Masters degree in Statistics and taught at Tribhuvan University, Nepal.  He received his Ph.D. from the University of Colorado (Boulder) in economics (1986).  After spending a year at CU as a visitor, he joined UNM in 1987. He is a senior research fellow at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Center for Health Policy at the University of New Mexico.  Using the field experiments and secondary data sources and with the blend of science and technology (whenever appropriate and possible), his research focuses on interdisciplinary research questions related to environment, health, and sustainability.  He has published more than ninety peer-reviewed papers in the US and European journals.  He has mentored more than twenty PhD students with a successful placement in both academic and non-academic positions.  His research motto is: multidisciplinary, collaborative, and data intensive.


  • “[In scientific research,] march away from the sound of the guns. Observe from a distance, but do not join the fray. Make a fray of your own. .. In the attempt to make scientific discoveries, every problem is an opportunity — and the more difficult the problem, the greater will be the importance of its solution.”  --  Professor E.O. Wilson, celebrated biologist, Harvard University 
  • “Nobody ever figures out what life is all about, and it doesn't matter. Explore the world. Nearly everything is really interesting if you go into it deeply enough.” ― Richard Feynman, Physics Nobel Laureate 
  • "Stay foolish, stay hungry." -- Steve Jobs, a techno visionary
  • "'s a question of taking an adequately broad view of economics, along with its neighboring discipline, and it's also a question of paying more attention to those who are most likely to lose when a crisis hits."   Amartya Sen on this century’s challenges  (1998 Nobel Prize Winner in Economics)

Challenges to Graduate and Undergraduate Students

Developing Interdisciplinary Community-Engaged Research

Example 1: Interdisciplinary approaches to rebuilding resilient communities

Example 2: Women's empowerment and impact of female hygiene kits

Example 3: Urban ecology, human health, and sustainability through citizen science

Got any other ideas?

Sustainable Development Action Lab

Need-driven Research, Research-driven Solution: design, implementation, and evaluation
Nepal Study Center,  May 12, 2016

Rebuilding Resilient Communities: Bahunepati Women's Community Center

Ongoing Research Interests and Activities

  • Coupled Dynamic of Human and Natural Systems:  (Analysis of urban social ecological systems: health, sanitation, economic activities and urban ecology & eco-system services; solid waste management and recycling; air pollution and traffic congestion)

  • WASH  and gender (water, sanitation, and health; female hygiene and its socio-economic consequences --sanitary pads; ground water arsenic and its impact on women's health; cultural norms and health consequences --bathing in Bagmati) 

  • Mortality and air pollution (panel and time series analysis using splines and Markov Switching; Mexico City)

  • Gender empowerment and maternal and child welbeing  (micro finance, micro health, domestic violence and health consequences) 

  • Socio-economic consequences of cancer (Kathmandu Valley and Bharatpur Hospitals; American Cancer Society funded project)

  • Monitoring of air, water, and bio-diversity through citizen science and its impact on human health, behavior, awareness , and urban ecology

  • Climate change, sustainability, food security and coping strategies (micro crop and cattle insurance; technological adaptation; shed coffee) 

  • Natural disasters, its impact and building resilient communities (e.g., earthquake,   

  • Obesity, empty calorie and programmatic interventions (e.g., SNAP)

  • Socio-economic consequences of remittance economy

  • Multi-dimentional poverty indicator (MPI)

  • For past research on food security, maternal health, poverty, global warming, water quality, non-market valuation studies, see

Methodological Bends

Field experiments (natural  and randomized)  and a fan of multi-sourced data bases and big data sciences (merging of field surveys, household surveys, geo-physical data bases).  Tools: Spatial panel modeling; small areas estimates, hidden markov models; Bayesian MCMC; discrete choice dynamic panel; mixed models; hierarchical models; GIS spill-over effects; multiple imputation; semi-parametric methods;  quasi experimental design, spatial choice experiment/RUM…

Teaching Interests

  • Econometrics
  • Development Analytics
  • Time Series Analysis
  • Mathematical Statistics
  • Non-market Valuation Methodology
  • Forecasting
  • Quantitative Methods
  • Research Methodology

Selected Publications

  • Price, James I. and Alok K. Bohara, “Maternal Healthcare Amid Political Unrest: The Effects of Political Violence on Antenatal Care Utilization in Nepal,” Journal of Health Policy and Planning, 2012, pp. 1-11 (Accepted 2012)
  • Nepal, Mani, Alok K. Bohara, and Kishore Gawande, “More Inequality, More Killings: The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal,” The American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 55, No. 4, October 2011, pp. 886 – 903.
  • Milligan, Michael A., Alok K. Bohara, and Jos A. Pagn “Assessing Willingness to Pay for Cancer Prevention,” International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics, vol. 10(4), pages 301-314, December 2010
  • Milligan, Michael, and Alok K. Bohara. “Consumption from Remittance and Non-Remittance Income in Nepal: A Semiparametric Analysis, Journal of Regional Studies and Development, 2011, Vol 20, No. 2, pp. 123 – 153.
  • Bohara Alok K., Arthur J. Caplan, and Therese Grijalva, “The Effect of Experience and Quantity-Based Pricing on the Valuation of a Curbside Recycling Program,” Ecological Economics, Volume 64, Issue 2,-15 December 2007, Pages 433-443.
  • List, J., R.P. Berrens, and A. K. Bohara, “Examining the Role of Social Isolation on Stated Preferences,” American Economic Review, Vol. 94, No. 3, June 2004, pp. 741-752.
  • Cavlovic, Therese, Robert P. Berrens, Alok K. Bohara, Paul Jakus, and W. Douglas Shaw, “Valuing the Loss of Rock Climbing Access in Wilderness Areas: A National-Level Random Utility Model,” Land Economics, 78 (1)103-120, February 2002.
  • Bohara, Alok K., Joe Kerkvliet, and Robert P. Berrens, “Addressing Negative Willingness to Pay in Dichotomous Choice Contingent valuation: A Monte Carlo Simulation Approach,” Environmental and Resource Economics, 3(3), 2001, pp. 173-195.
  • Bohara Alok K. Robert P. Berrens, Kishore Gawande, and Pingo Wang, “One Size Doesn't Fit All: Estimating Environmental Kuznets Curves for Hazardous Waste Counts,” Environmetrics, 12, pp. 383-394, 2001.